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gustave eiffel edouard eiffel

Edouard EIFFEL was born on month day 1866, at birth place, to Alexandre Gustave EIFFEL and Geneviève Emilie EIFFEL (born GAUDELET). Naissance, 15 décembre 1832. April 1711 im Haus des Herzogs von Gramont in der rue Neuve Saint-Augustin in der Pfarrei St-Roch, Paris, Marie Lideriz heiratete und als Angestellter der Ferme générale am 7. The bridge over the Douro came about as the result of a competition held by the Royal Portuguese Railroad Company. Oktober 1886 stattfand. Von 1872 bis 1874 war Eiffel in Südamerika tätig, wo er in Chile, Bolivien und Peru arbeitete. The locks were on a large scale, most having a change of level of 11 m (36 ft). Gustave Eiffel ist am 27. Alexandre Gustave Eiffel - portrait standing. Contents Biography - Studies - Career Works - Buildings and structures - Bridges - Eiffel Tower - Statue of Liberty - Nice Observatory 3. Eiffel's proposal was for a bridge whose deck was supported by five iron piers, with the abutments of the pair on the river bank also bearing a central supporting arch. 1862 heiratete er die Französin Marie Gaudelet, mit der er fünf Kinder hatte, drei Mädchen und zwei Jungen. Eiffel devised a structure consisting of a four legged pylon to support the copper sheeting which made up the body of the statue. In dieser Sparte bestand damals eine große Nachfrage nach Ingenieuren und zugleich eine hohe Personalfluktuation. [15] His first important commission was for two viaducts for the railway line between Lyon and Bordeaux, and the company also began to undertake work in other countries, including the church of San Marcos in Arica, Chile, which was an all-metal prefabricated building, manufactured in France and shipped to South America in pieces to be assembled on site. Created by Gustave Eiffel, the construction of the Eiffel Tower lasted just over two years and 250 workers worked there. A temporary concession to Gustave Eiffel A convention was signed on January 8, 1887 between Gustave Eiffel and the other stakeholders’ representatives, Édouard Lockroy, Minister of Commerce, on behalf of the national government, and Eugène Poubelle, prefect for the Seine, on behalf of the City. [16] The station in Budapest was an innovative design. Marie Gaudelet Facts about Gustave Eiffel 3: His job before famous. The main structural work was completed at the end of March, and on the 31st Eiffel celebrated this by leading a group of government officials, accompanied by representatives of the press, to the top of the tower. [20] To assist him in the work he took on several people who were to play important roles in the design and construction of the Eiffel Tower, including Maurice Koechlin, a young graduate of the Zurich Polytechnikum, who was engaged to undertake calculations and make drawings, and Émile Nouguier, who had previously worked for Eiffel on the construction of the Douro bridge. Januar 1887 in nur 26 Monaten Bauzeit am 31. This was the year that Paris hosted the second World's Fair, and Eiffel was bought a season ticket by his mother[11], After graduation, Eiffel had hoped to find work in his uncle's workshop in Dijon, but a family dispute made this impossible. Eiffel had meteorological measuring equipment placed on the tower in 1889, and also built a weather station at his house in Sèvres. He then built a laboratory on the Champ de Mars at the foot of the tower in 1905, building his first wind tunnel there in 1909. Michel Gaudart de Soulages, Hubert Lamant: Archives nationales: BB/11/1473 dossier 3121x78. The Eiffel Tower takes its name from the engineer Gustave Eiffel, but was actually designed by his senior engineers Maurice Koechlin and Emile Nugier. The design was exhibited at the Exhibition of Decorative Arts in the autumn of 1884, and on 30 March 1885 Eiffel read a paper on the project to the Société des Ingénieurs Civils. [12] Diese in vorliegenden Eiffel-Biographien häufig[14] zu findende Behauptung ist aber unbewiesen. Although the family always used the name Eiffel, Gustave's name was registered at birt… Alexandre Gustave Eiffel (15 Desember 1832 – 27 Desember 1923) was 'n Franse strukturele en lugvaart ingenieur.Hy is gebore in Dijon.Hy behaal sy graad met lof aan die École Centrale des Arts et Manufactures.Hy was aanvanklik geïnteresseerd in strukturele ingenieurswese en voltooi die spoorwegbrug oor die Garonnerivier in Bordeaux.In 1889 voltooi hy die Eiffel-toring. Eiffel established that the lift produced by an airfoil was the result of a reduction of air pressure above the wing rather than an increase of pressure acting on the under surface. Some have already been destroyed, like in Vietnam. The four legs, each at an angle of 54° to the ground, were initially constructed as cantilevers, relying on the anchoring bolts in the masonry foundation blocks. Wegen umständlicher Zulassungsbedingungen wechselte er für ein Chemiestudium an die École Centrale des Arts et Manufactures, die er 1855 mit einem Diplom abschloss. Als Eiffels deutscher Stammvater gilt dem bisherigen genealogischen Wissensstand zufolge Leo Heinrich Bönickhausen, der Ende des 17. Dezember 1880 ein Gericht in Dijon verfügte. With Sauvestre’s edits, Eiffel supported the final plans and bought the patent rights. Jahrhunderts in Aremberg, Kreis Ahrweiler, und in Marmagen, Kreis Euskirchen, und stand dort als ludimagister (Schulmeister) und Sakristan in Kirchendiensten. After this brief pause erection of the metalwork continued, and the critical operation of linking the four legs was successfully completed by March 1888. The members included Jean-Baptiste Krantz, Henri Dion and Léon Molinos, both of whom had known Eiffel for a long time: their report was favorable, and Eiffel got the job. Dort machte er im gleichen Jahr die Bekanntschaft mit dem Stahlbau-Unternehmer Charles Nepveu. Ab 1843 besuchte er das Collège Sainte-Barbe in Paris, wo er sich 1850 niederließ[2] und zunächst an der dortigen École polytechnique studierte. Danach arbeitete er in verschiedenen Konstruktionsbüros, bis er 1856 eine Anstellung als Brückenbauingenieur bei der westfranzösischen Compagnie des chemins de fer de l’Ouest fand, bei der er sich erstmals mit der Konstruktion von Eisenbahnbrücken befasste. [26], "To bring our arguments home, imagine for a moment a giddy, ridiculous tower dominating Paris like a gigantic black smokestack, crushing under its barbaric bulk Notre Dame, the Tour Saint-Jacques, the Louvre, the Dome of les Invalides, the Arc de Triomphe, all of our humiliated monuments will disappear in this ghastly dream. [10] During his second year he chose to specialize in chemistry, and graduated ranking at 13th place out of 80 candidates in 1855. The same year the company was given the contract for the Garabit viaduct, a railway bridge near Ruynes en Margeride in the Cantal département. [28] The task of drawing the components was complicated by the complex angles involved in the design and the degree of precision required: the positions of rivet holes were specified to within 0.1 mm (0.04 in) and angles worked out to one second of arc. Er heiratete danach seine Cousine Chantall Letou. Although no more than 250 men were employed on the site, a prodigious amount of exacting preparatory work was entailed: the drawing office produced 1,700 general drawings and 3,629 detail drawings of the 18,038 different parts needed. Bereits vor der Bauzeit des Eiffelturms beantragte Gustave die Änderung seines – für Franzosen unaussprechlichen – Familiennamens auf „Eiffel“,[9] die am 15. 7 avr. Using this Eiffel definitely established that the air resistance of a body was very closely related to the square of the airspeed. März 1889 fertiggestellt werden konnte und am 15. Dieser erkannte sein Talent und machte ihn zum Projektmanager im Eisenbahnbrückenbau. Dezember 1832 in Dijon; † 27. Little happened until the beginning of 1886, but with the re-election of Jules Grévy as President and his appointment of Edouard Lockroy as Minister for Trade decisions began to be made. Gustave Eiffel starb 1923 im Alter von 91 Jahren und wurde auf dem Friedhof von Levallois-Perret, nordwestlich von Paris, beigesetzt. Gustave Eiffel, der zusammen mit seinen Ingenieuren E. Nougier und M. Koechlin die Errichtung des Turms genial ins Werk setzte, war in direkter väterlicher Linie der Nachkomme eines nach Frankreich ausgewanderten Eifelers. Nationalité Français. Gustave Eiffel was born in Burgundy, France, in the city of Dijon, Côte-d'Or, the first child of Catherine-Mélanie (née Moneuse) and Alexandre Bönickhausen (French pronunciation: [bɔnikozɑ̃]). After discussing the technical problems and emphasising the practical uses of the tower, he finished his talk by saying that the tower would symbolise[24].mw-parser-output .templatequote{overflow:hidden;margin:1em 0;padding:0 40px}.mw-parser-output .templatequote .templatequotecite{line-height:1.5em;text-align:left;padding-left:1.6em;margin-top:0}, "not only the art of the modern engineer, but also the century of Industry and Science in which we are living, and for which the way was prepared by the great scientific movement of the eighteenth century and by the Revolution of 1789, to which this monument will be built as an expression of France's gratitude.". An important part in his education was played by his uncle, Jean-Baptiste Mollerat, who had invented a process for distilling vinegar and had a large chemical works near Dijon, and one of his uncle's friends, the chemist Michel Perret. He was a descendant of Jean-René Bönickhausen, who had emigrated from the German town of Marmagen and settled in Paris at the beginning of the 18th century. (Münchenstein, Schweiz, 1891), http://www.artesdelasfilipinas.com/archives.php?page_id=24, https://de.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Gustave_Eiffel&oldid=205814987, „Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike“, Eiffel, Alexandre Gustave (vollständiger Name), 1892 beteiligte er sich am Wettbewerb um den Bau der Dreifaltigkeitsbrücke in. They had five children: Claire, born on 19 August 1863, Laure, Édouard, Valentine, and the youngest, Albert, born in August 1873. Further promotion within the company followed, but the business began to decline, and in 1865 Eiffel, seeing no future there, resigned and set up as an independent consulting engineer. They have given engineers the data for designing and constructing flying machines upon sound, scientific principles. Heute wäre Gustave Eiffel 187 Jahre alt. City of Paris Inscription ... and lectures were collected, put in order, and published in eleven volumes by his sons MM. [8] Eiffel was not a studious child, and thought his classes at the Lycée Royal in Dijon boring and a waste of time, although in his last two years, influenced by his teachers for history and literature, he began to study seriously, and he gained his baccalauréats in humanities and science. No drilling or shaping was done on site: if any part did not fit it was sent back to the factory for alteration. (Lithograph by Vincent Brooks, Day & Son) AGE, one of the chief architects behind the Eiffel Tower: 15 December 1832 – 27 December 1923. After his retirement from the Compagnie des Etablissements Eiffel, Eiffel went on to do important work in meteorology and aerodynamics. Zu Beginn des 20. Januar 1734 im Alter von 75 Jahren in Saint-Valery-sur-Somme in der Picardie verstarb. Der zunächst von der Pariser Bevölkerung nicht akzeptierte Turm avancierte rasch zum international anerkannten Symbol von Paris und Frankreich. His work had also gained the attention of several people who were later to give him work, including Stanislas de la Roche Toulay, who had prepared the design for the metalwork of the Bordeaux bridge, Jean Baptiste Krantz and Wilhelm Nordling. 100% satisfaction guaranteed. The Tower is also important because of its role in establishing the aesthetic potential of structures whose appearance is largely dictated by practical considerations. As well as exhibiting models and drawings of work undertaken by the company, Eiffel was also responsible for the construction of several of the exhibition buildings. Dezember 1880 durch Gerichtsbeschluss in Eiffel ändern. Lebenslauf. Find art you love and shop high-quality art prints, photographs, framed artworks and posters at Art.com. Die längsten Brücken und die … Alexandre Gustave Eiffel (15 dhjetor 1832 - 27 dhjetor 1923; shqiptim frëngjisht: [efɛl], anglisht: / aɪfəl /) ishte një inxhinier francez strukturore nga Paris École Qendrore, një arkitekt, një sipërmarrës dhe një specialist i strukturave metalike. These were constructed with the aid of compressed air caissons and hydraulic rams, both innovative techniques at the time. Alles über die interessantesten Brücken der Welt. Das Dictionnaire des Francs-Maçons Européens nennt Eiffel als Mitglied einer Loge des Grand Orient de France, ohne jedoch die Loge konkret zu benennen. He is best known for the world-famous Eiffel Tower, built for the 1889 Universal Exposition in Paris, and his contribution to building the Statue of Liberty in New York.

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